Exercise and life expectancy

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According to the National Institute on Aging and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, exercising regularly is one of the best practices that can help you remain strong regardless of your advanced age. It is believed that adults can register positive results if their bodies are exposed to as little as a 15-minute workout on a daily basis.

However, doing it for that 30 minutes is even better and this should be accompanied by strength training (twice per week). Fitting four different types of exercise into your workout program ensures excellent results.

Exercise and life expectancy are correlated. This is because, in youth, it enhances their well-being as well as body growth. Regular exercise in adults is a fundamental practice as it gives them freedom to remain active, strong and well balanced as well as being stable at all times. With health conditions like heart disease, breast and colon cancer, diabetes and osteoporosis being delayed by regular exercise, it is obvious that life expectancy also increases significantly.

In addition, exercising regularly is known to improve the mood, regulate weight and to cut down on the levels of depression. Although exercise may not be able to protect one against diseases associated with brain and memory (dementia), there is proven evidence that it helps to delay the onset – thereby giving adults more time with their families.

There are different types of exercises that can help your body in many different ways; exercise for the heart (pumping and blood circulation) is vital in the sense that it builds endurance in individuals and this is what all exercise programs focus on. Hiking, dancing, walking, riding and swimming are some of the exercises suitable for seniors as they are moderate.

Doing some work in the garden, pushing a lawn mower and raking leaves can help you lead a prolonged healthy life. Thus balancing your workouts is vital in building muscles and this can be achieved by engaging in work that requires the use of some strength, weight lifting, yoga and other related resistance workouts.

This is important in the sense that it helps to counter the loss of muscles due to aging. Stretching exercises are also important as they make the body more flexible; balance exercise on the other hand, helps those advanced in age to be active and avoid unnecessary injuries.

Life expectancy changes with both negative and positive factors. These increase or reduce mortality rate thereby affecting the entire life trends. The most common influence is the socioeconomic conditions with positive increasing life expectancy in individuals while some negative trends may increase mortality rate.

Most third world countries have been largely associated with increased child birth and since the introduction of the effective control of various infectious diseases, life expectancy is on the increase. However, a number of countries found in the sub-Saharan region have been greatly affected by the HIV/ AIDS scourge and this has adversely affected life expectancy there. This is due to the increase of untimely deaths.

On the other hand, there has been a positive trend on life expectancy in most developed countries since the mid 20th century. This has been mainly attributed to the efforts done by these countries to eradicate infectious diseases as well as the improved living standards – healthy dieting, healthcare and sanitation.

But there are fears that these positive life expectancy trends are subject to change bearing in mind that there exist a big gap between sub-group populations. For instance, it is believed that life expectancy among the Afro-American recorded a downward trend throughout the 1980’s. Increased rates of homicide and HIV infections have been the major factors that bring about these population disparities among the sub-groups.

Changes in culture as well public health awareness campaign have considerable effects on life expectancy. Let’s first look at Australia; with smoking hitting its highest level in the 20th century, mortality rate went up due to cardiovascular disease, lung cancer, respiratory complication and other related health conditions. The high levels of mortality adversely affected life expectancy during the 1960s.

This compelled the health authorities to step up their campaigns on public health and also enforce regulation in the sector that saw a reduction in the number of people who smoke. Thus, the high taxes on tobacco and related promotional activities combined with legislation have shown considerably good results as the current mortality rate has greatly reduced.

With many men shunning smoking, male lung cancer has declined; however, there has been a big concern about increased cases of lung cancer in women which is attributed to the increase of female smokers.

Chronic diseases are considered as the major concern in life expectancy to date and this is not discriminative as it affects both developed and developing countries. In most cases, obesity, and overweightness have been blamed on the rising cases of chronic diseases. In a research (Gynecological and Obstetrical Survey) done in United States, the findings indicate that heightened levels of obesity reduce life expectancy.